NameHon. Joseph Bryant CROCKETT
Birth17 Nov 1808, Nicholasville, Jessamine, Kentucky1137,1135, p 1; date only,1141, p 107
Birth Memoat Union Mills
Removalabt 1827, Hopkinsville, Christian, Kentucky1142, p 7 Age: 18
Removal Memoat age 19
Settlement1848, St. Louis, Missouri1141, p 108 Age: 39
Settlement1 Apr 1852, San Francisco, San Francisco, California1141, p 108,1142, p 7; year only Age: 43
Death15 Jan 1884, Fruitvale, Brooklyn Twp, Alameda, California1143,985, p 2,1141, p 110 Age: 75
Death Memoat his home
Ancestral File #15TW-S621143
FatherRobert CROCKETT (1786-1834)
MotherMartha FERGUSON (1786-1834)
Individual Notes
• Justice of the California Supreme Court.248

• Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court from Dec. 1867 to Jan. 1880.985, p 1

• Gives Birth Date of 17 May 1808; Birth Place of Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky.1143,1144

• A grandson of his, J. B. Crockett was elected to the Supreme Bench of California. He died at his home near Fruitvale in that state a few years since.1145, p 28

• Joseph Bryant Crockett came to San Francisco in 1852 and soon became an established lawyer active in land claims, and a speculator in San Francisco real estate. He was the organizer and spokesman for a committee of citizens attempting to reconcile Governor J. Neely Johnson and William T. Sherman with the 1856 Vigilance Committee. He was appointed to serve out the term of Oscar L. Shafler, who resigned his position as Judge of the Supreme Court of California in December 1867. Judge Crockett retained the office until 1881.985, p 1

Joseph Bryant Crockett. Twenty-second Justice, December, 1867 - January, 1880.
[excerpts] For interesting careers it would be hard to find one that surpasses Joseph Bryant Crockett’s. He made an outstanding record in three states, Kentucky, Missouri, and California. The fact that he served two terms in the Kentucky Legislature and one in Missouri before coming to California would be proof sufficient that he was not without experience when he came to this state. These are only a fraction of his accomplishments.
Personally Crockett was a likable and engaging man. That he was a family man is attested by the twelve children that blessed his home. There was a period when he was recognized as one of the first lawyers in San Francisco, and his practice one of the most lucrative on the Pacific Coast. As a jurist he was one of the soundest that has served on the Supreme Court of California.
Joseph Bryant Crockett was born at Union Mills, near Nicholasville, Jessamine County, Kentucky, May 17, 1808, and was the son of Robert and Martha Ferguson Crockett. Colonel Joseph Crockett, one of Kentucky’s founders, was his grandfather. While Crockett has been spoken of as of Scotch extraction, his ancestral background was French as well as Scotch-Irish. Up to the time his forbears took up their residence in Ireland in the seventeenth century, the family name was Crocketayne.
In 1833 Crockett was elected to the House of Representatives of Kentucky and with James C. Clarke represented Christian County in the session that commenced December 31st. He was appointed a member of the committee on courts of justice. He was elected again in 1836.
After a successful career of something less than twenty years in Hopkinsville, Crockett moved to St. Louis. St. Louis, it may be observed, really is not far from Hopkinsville. He was not long in establishing himself in the new community. “Crockett and Briggs, attorneys, 36 N. First” is the way he appears in the St. Louis Directory of 1848.
In 1850 Crockett was elected to the General Assembly of the Missouri Legislature to represent St. Louis County. He served through the sixteenth session of the Legislature. From the prominent part he played it is apparent that his experience in Kentucky stood him in good stead in Missouri.
In due course Crockett became editor of the Daily St. Louis Intelligencer, where he served until he left Missouri and settled in California. This paper with its large sheets in form was much like the Alta California of California’s first years. It was widely read even outside of Missouri. Joseph G. Baldwin, mentioning Crockett in a letter from San Francisco to his wife in Alabama, in 1854, referred to him as the author of the “Cala letters that appeared in the Intelligencer.” Baldwin and his wife had read them in Livingston, Alabama. These California letters were written as Crockett made the trip from St. Louis to San Francisco and were continued for a year or so afterwards.
Crockett did not take his family with him, but took them back to Hopkinsville. Apparently Crockett’s future remained uncertain for a period as his family did not join him in California until sometime later. He made several trips back to St. Louis and Kentucky in the meantime.
Crockett appeared in the San Francisco directory of 1852 as “Crockett, J. B., atty. at law, 90 Merchant” and “Crockett & Wells, attys at law, 90 Mcht.” This was Alexander Wells, according to the directory mentioned, also later a justice of the Supreme Court of California, and a somewhat notorious politician in California’s early days.
That Crockett got in on the lucrative Spanish-Mexican grants title settlements is apparent from the fact that he received as a fee 1800 acres of land in Contra Costa County where the community of Crockett, which was named after him, is now located.
Crockett’s name figured prominently at the time of the Vigilante uprising in San Francisco in 1856.
When the founding of Hastings College of the Law was announced at the commencement exercises of the University of California at Berkeley in June, 1878, Crockett shared speaking honors with Hastings, the founder, and other distinguished men. He was at that time a justice of the Supreme Court of the state and spoke for the bench of the state.
In politics Crockett started out a Whig. In 1860 he was affiliated with the Union Constitutional Party. By 1864 he had attained considerable prominence in the Democratic Party and was one of the vice presidents of its state convention held at San Francisco that year. This convention nominated him for Congress. Crockett, of course, supported McClellan for President against Lincoln.
It was at this time that he uttered the scathing things he did against Lincoln. He [further] referred to Lincoln as “the flagrant violator of the Constitution.”
Crockett was defeated by D. C. McRuer, running on the Union Party ticket. When Shafter resigned from Supreme Court of California December 31, 1867, Crockett’s good friend, Henry H. Haight, then the Governor, appointed him to fill the vacancy. While Shafter was an Abolitionist, he and Crockett nevertheless were the best of friends.
Crockett was seventy-three when he retired from the Court. Failing eyesight for years had rendered his labors especially arduous. “Justice is said to be blind, but I have found out that it is a very bad thing, for a justice to be blind.”
Crockett died at his home in Fruitvale, now a part of Oakland, January 15, 1884, aged seventy-five. He left surviving him his wife and seven of his twelve children. He left only a moderately sized estate, mostly land, in east Oakland, so far as the probate records show.1141, pp 107-110

• Joseph B. Crockett.—The following sketch was written by Hon. James F. Buckner, of Louisville, for the Kentucky New Era. Col. Buckner was a student of Mr. Crockett, and for several years his law partner, hence no one is better qualified to write an impartial sketch of the man, and he pays a noble tribute to his old friend, partner and preceptor. He says:
Joseph B. Crockett, the son of Col. Robert Crockett, was born in 1808, at Union Mills, in Jessamine County, Ky., and settled on a farm near Russellville. It was while Col. Crockett was pursuing the vocation of a farmer in Logan County that the son enjoyed the advantages of the tuition of Daniel Comfort, a gentleman who for many years taught a classical school in that vicinity, and to whom many of the most distinguished men of that section were indebted for instruction. In the spring of 1827 he entered the University of Tennessee at Nashville, but in consequence of the straitened pecuniary condition of his father he was compelled to leave Nashville after having enjoyed the benefit of the University for less than one year. When only nineteen years of age he came to Hopkinsville and entered upon the study of law in the office of Hon. Charles S. Morehead, who was then one of the most promising young attorneys of the State, and who was rapidly rising to distinction in his profession.
Young Crockett was a close student, and displayed great energy and spared no labor to make himself useful to his preceptor, who was enjoying a large practice. His deportment was such as secured the esteem of the older members of the profession, and soon the good opinion of the business community generally. In due time he was licensed and admitted to the bar. About 1830 he formed a partnership with Gustavus A. Henry, a brilliant association which continued for about two years, and until Mr. Henry removed to Tennessee, where he became very distinguished as an advocate and lawyer. Mr. Crockett succeeded to the entire business of the late firm of Henry & Crockett, and from close attention and his growing reputation his business rapidly increased. He married the daughter of John Bryan, a respectable and influential citizen of Hopkinsville, and in the spring of 1833 he became a candidate for the Legislature, and in August was elected the Representative~ from the County of Christian. His general intelligence and business habits established him in the estimation of his fellow members as one of the leading members of the body. He became very popular in the House of Representatives, and his course was approved by his constituents at home. He declined a re-election, as the growing demands of his professional business forbade it. It was about this time that the writer, upon his invitation, entered his office as a student, and continued in that capacity until August, 1836, when they formed a partnership in the practice, which continued until 1840, when Mr. Crockett removed to the city of St. Louis. While the partnership existed the writer confined himself principally to the office, and to business in Christian County. Mr. Crockett’s labors extended to all the counties of the district. The firm was successful in securing a fair share of business.
In September, 1836, at a special election, he was chosen a Representative for Christian County to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Hon. George Morris, who died a few days after the regular election in August. The ability with which he discharged his duties as a Representative left its impress upon the legislators of the State. On the termination of the session, avowing his fixed determination not to be a candidate for re-election, and declining a nomination for Congress, he was induced by Gov. Clark to accept the appointment of Commonwealth’s Attorney for the district. The position was laborious and brought him in contact with a bar distinguished for ability. But the interest of the Commonwealth lost nothing by being entrusted to his hands. His career as a prosecutor was brilliant and able. But the duties of a prosecutor were uncongenial to his tastes. He preferred being enlisted for the defense. Besides, the emoluments of the position were far short of what could be realized in the defense. After a period of two years be resigned, when he was thrown immediately into a larger and more profitable business, giving him more leisure to enjoy the comforts of home with his family. He immediately embarked in a lucrative practice, and was employed for the defense in the most important commercial cases arising in Southern and Western Kentucky. A man of high personal integrity, of engaging manners, well versed in the laws and discipline of the courts, and with a rich, chaste flow of language, I have always regarded Mr. Crockett one of the very ablest criminal lawyers I have ever known. On his removal to St. Louis, his reputation had preceded him, and his practice in the courts at St. Louis soon became large. Against the advice of many friends, he was induced to take charge of the political department of a prominent newspaper, the Intelligencer, in that city. He continued his connection with the paper for several years, and contributed much to establish its influence. The labors of an editor in addition to the duties of his profession were too much for him, and very seriously affected his health. He was compelled to sever his connection with the newspaper. About this time, 1852, the Pacific coast attracted his attention. He brought his family back to Hopkinsville, among their relations, placing his children at school, and set out on a tour of exploration for business and recreation to the golden coast by way of Vera Cruz and the city of Mexico, San Diego to San Francisco. The effect of the trip was very beneficial to him. He was re-invigorated and his health was fully reestablished. He opened an office in that city, and his family soon followed him. He engaged actively in business, and soon found himself in the front rank of his profession. The bar of California was distinguished for its learning and great ability. The rare advantages of the golden State had drawn to its chief city many of the most brilliant, learned and ambitious men of the East.
No one ever made the acquaintance of Mr. Crockett, either professionally or in private life, who did not become deeply attached to him. His kindness of heart and generous courtesy compelled all to love him. These traits of character made him universally popular, and his learning and talent gave him high standing with his professional brethren. Gwin Page, of Louisville, (who had been his fellow-student at Hopkinsville, in the office of Gov. Morehead) upon his invitation went to California and formed a partnership with him. They continued for some time in a pleasant and lucrative practice, but it was dissolved in consequence of the failing health and death of Mr. Page. Upon the death of Judge Shapter, of the Supreme Court, Mr. Crockett was appointed by the Governor to fill his unexpired term. At the succeeding election the people elevated him to the position which he had previously held by appointment. This office he filled for twelve years, having reached the Chief Justiceship, and retired in 1880, owing to general infirmity. His life gradually wasted away, when he died in the winter of 1883—84, surrounded by his family, within sound of the surf of the Pacific. The high character for personal and professional integrity which distinguished his early life in Kentucky followed him to Missouri and California, and marked his career as an elegant gentleman, a brilliant lawyer, an able, just and upright judge.
The following incident from another source, and illustrative of his career while living in Hopkinsville, is related of Judge Crockett: In the year 1838, the celebrated case of the Commonwealth against Barkley for killing Cuvilier, was tried in the Christian Circuit Court, in which case Elijah Hise, of Russellville, and J. B. Crockett, through sympathy for a poor and (as they believed) greatly wronged man, volunteered their services to defend Barkley without fee. The reputation of Elijah Hise as an able lawyer is such that I need only say of him, he entered heartily into the defense, and perhaps never showed his great powers as an advocate to better advantage than then. And gifted as Joseph B. Crockett had previously shown himself to be, he on that occasion astonished his friends and the court and led the jury captive by argument and eloquence, and not only contributed materially to the acquittal of the accused, but by his great effort, young as he then was, placed himself in the front rank of the able lawyers then practicing at the bar.
John W. Crockett studied law in the office of Crockett & Buckner, in Hopkinsville, and left here in 1839. He went to Hickman, Ky., and remained there for a time, but returned to Hopkinsville and spent several years, and then removed to Henderson, Ky., where he died some ten years ago. He was an able lawyer, but scarcely the equal of his brother, Judge Crockett.1142

• Obituary: San Francisco Call, 17 Jan 1884, p 5, column 5.1132, p 1

• 7 girls and 3 boys!! No wonder JBC left them and went to Calif. for 8 years - one can look at that several different ways. He did make trips “home” and finally got the family out there 8 years after he left for Calif.1135, p 3
Census
• 1850 Census: District 82, St. Louis County, Missouri. Age 40, b KY. Lawyer.1146
• 1880 Census: Brooklyn Township, Alameda, California. Age 70, b KY. Lawyer. Parents b KY.1147
Research
• Joseph Bryant Crockett papers are on file at the Bancroft Library, UC/Berkeley. Collection number BANC MSS C-B 896.
http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/985, p 1

• Could not find in 1860, 1870 censuses; Ancestry.com, 29 May 2005.
Spouses
Birthabt 1816, Hopkinsville, Christian, Kentucky985, p 1; place only,1133, p 2; date only
Birth Memodied aged 75
Death1891, San Francisco?, San Francisco, California1133, p 2 Age: 75
Ancestral File #15TW-S781144
FatherJohn BRYAN (~1794-<1860)
MotherCaroline Matilda SHARP (~1800-)
Individual Notes
• A daughter of John Bryan.1141, p 108
Census
• 1850 Census: District 82, St. Louis County, Missouri. Age 35, b KY.1146
• 1880 Census: Brooklyn Township, Alameda, California. Age 62, b KY. Father b VA; mother b KY.1147
Marriage15 Nov 1832, Hopkinsville, Christian, Kentucky1137, date only,1144, place only,1135, p 1; date only,1141, p 108; year only
Family Notes
• 12 children.1141, p 107
Marriage Notes
• Golden Wedding celebration.1132, SF Call, 21 Nov 1882, p 5, col. 2
ChildrenMartha Ferguson (1833-1864)
 Caroline Matilda (1835-1863)
 John (1837-)
 Lucy (Died as Child) (1839-1840)
 Lucy (1841-1923)
 Kate (1842-)
 Clara (1844-~1882)
 Emma Josephine (1846-)
 Susan (1849-)
 Joseph Bryant (1850-1903)
 Robert (1852-<1890)
Last Modified 22 May 2012Created 23 Sep 2017 using Reunion 10 for Macintosh